The Effect of Caste on Leadership Styles at the School Level in Punjab

By Farah Naz, Khalid Abida, Muhammad Azeem, Farhat Munir, Kamran Siddiqui and Ghazala Noureen.

Published by The International Journal of the Book

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of caste on task oriented and people oriented leadership styles of school heads. Furthermore, the paper investigates that how the caste system is changing due to societal transformation, modification and revolution.survey was conducted to collect data of school heads and deputy heads of primary, middle and secondary schools of Punjab, Pakistan. Factor analysis, Pearson’s correlation and descriptive statistics were used to measure the effect of casts on task oriented and people oriented leadership styles. Pearson correlations showed that caste was related negatively with task oriented leadership but no relation was found between caste and people oriented leadership. Analyses indicated no effective impact of caste on leadership style on educational leadership at school level. Other variables like; age, experience, qualification showed strong relationship with leadership styles.The research focused on heads and deputy heads of primary, middle, and secondary schools of Punjab only. To make the general point of view about the caste, leadership style relationship further investigation must be made in other sectors.

Keywords: Caste, Leadership Style, Task Oriented Leadership, People Oriented Leadership

International Journal of the Book, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp.131-144. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.241MB).

Asst. Prof. Farah Naz

Visiting Faculty, University of Education Punjab, Pakistan

Ms. Farah Naz is an educationist with a vast experience of over 23 years in teaching, school management and educational quality assurance. She has seved in almost all the provinces on various appointments including Azad Jammu & Kashmir. She had been heading the quality assurance department of “The Educators a project of BSS”. She is masters in Education Leadership & Management. Presently she is serving as Deputy Director Curriculum, Evaluation & Training in Bahria Foundation (Pakistan Navy). She is also a PhD scholer at University of Management & Technology. She is a member of visiting faculty at University of Education Punjab.

Khalid Abida

Assistant Professor, University of EDucation, Bank Road Campus, Lahore, Pakistan, University of Education Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Ms. Abida is an eminent educationist. She has 22 years of teaching experience at College and University level. She is a researcher of high caliber and has supervised approximately 250 Research Projects at University level. Currently, she holds the designation of Assistant Professor at University Of Education, Lahore. She is also pursuing her PhD from University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan. She has compiled books on diversified topics. The titles of the books are as follows: ·Contemporary Modes of Thoughts in Philosophy of 21st Century · Basics of Educational Research with SPS Analysis · Phonetics and Phonology in English · Educational Research and electronic data analysis · Introduction to Education

Muhammad Azeem

Doctoral Fellow and Associate Faculty member, Division of Education, University of Education Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Muhammad Azeem is Doctoral scholar at the Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore under Indigenous PhD Fellowship from HEC Pakistan. He is writing thesis for his research project. He has written a number of articles in different magazines and journals. He has presented papers on Quality Ensurance and Validity in the context of Education. His area of interest is Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing. He has visited School of Education, University of Leciester, UK as Doctoral Research Scholar.

Farhat Munir

Phd scholar, University of Education Punjab, lahore, Pakistan

Farhat Munir is a Ph.D scholar at the University of Management and Technology Lahore Pakistan. She has eight years teaching and administrative experience. shs is working as Controller Examination in DHA school System.

Kamran Siddiqui

Dean, school of professional advancement, University of Education Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

He is PhD from UK. He is associate professor and Dean of school of professional advancement at University of Management and Technology (UMT)Lahore.

Ghazala Noureen

Assistant Proferssor, Education, University of Education Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

She has done post doctoral studies from University of Wolverhampton UK. Presently she is working as assistant professor at Lahore College Women University.


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