Gender Differences in Leadership Style at the University Level

By Khalid Abida, Farah Naz and Muhammad Azeem.

Published by The International Journal of the Book

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study was to examine the differences between feminine and masculine leadership style at the university level. It is a great conflict universally cross cultural differences vary, socially, behaviourally and politically in accordance at different levels. This study focus and manipulate the gender differences in leadership style. The two dimensions of leadership style were focused Task oriented and people orientated. Sample of the study was consist of 14 out of 20 universities of Lahore with convenient method.Questionnaire was adopted of TP T (Task) P (People) oriented leadership style by J.B. Ritchie and P. Thompson in New York (1984) from the book of Richard L. Daft (The leadership Experience) published in (2002). The data was analyzed through SPSS data analysis 16.0. The researcher applied one way ANOVA and t-test to draw the mean difference, variance, correlation with SPSS for finding the results. The key finding was that there is non-significant difference between gender leadership styles at university level. Statistics explored that females are more people oriented and Task oriented than men. The findings of the research might be helpful for new researchers in the field of gender differences in leadership style.

Keywords: Gender, Intrinsic, Extrinsic, Leadership Style, Masculine, Feminine, Differences

International Journal of the Book, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp.27-40. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.219MB).

Khalid Abida

Assistant Professor, University of Education, Bank Road Campus, Lahore, Pakistan, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mrs. Abida is an eminent educationist. She has 22 years of teaching experience at College and University level. She is a researcher of high caliber and has supervised approximately 250 Research Projects at University level. Currently, she holds the designation of Assistant Professor at University Of Education, Lahore. She has compiled books on diversified topics. The titles of the books are as follows: Contemporary Modes of Thoughts in Philosophy of 21st Century, Basics of Educational Research with SPS Analysis, Phonetics and Phonology in English, Educational Research and electronic data analysis, and Introduction to Education. Her various modes of international papers has been published.

Asst. Prof. Farah Naz


Ms. Farah Naz is an educationist with a vast experience of over 23 years in teaching, school management and educational quality assurance. She has served in almost all the provinces on various appointments including Azad Jammu & Kashmir. She had been heading the quality assurance department of “The Educators a project of BSS”. She is masters in Education Leadership & Management. Presently she is serving as Deputy Director Curriculum, Evaluation & Training in Bahria Foundation (Pakistan Navy). She is also a PhD scholer at University of Management & Technology. She has various mode of international publications

Muhammad Azeem

Doctoral Fellow and Associate Faculty Member, Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Muhammad Azeem is working as Assessment and Research Specialist at Punjab Education Assessment System, Govt. of The Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. He has submitted his Doctoral Thesis at the Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore under Indigenous PhD Fellowship from HEC Pakistan. His area of interest is Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing. He has written a number of articles and research papers in different local and international magazines and journals. He has presented papers on Quality Ensurance and Validity in the context of Education. He has visited School of Education, University of Leicester, UK as Doctoral Research Fellow.


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