The Holy Qur’an is the divine text of over one fifth of the world’s population and is the guiding book of the Muslim faith. Though a written manuscript, similar in textual length to the New Testament, its origins are deeply rooted in an oral tradition and is, up to the present day, rote memorised and recited in its original Arabic form in its entirety by countless followers, as well as being undisputedly, the most recited text on the planet. Yet outside Muslim communities living in the west and the Islamic world, little is known about this book. In an era where there is much scepticism in the west about cultures and traditions within the Muslim world, an understanding of the historical importance of the Qur’anic scripture is needed. Through the examination of literary and oral traditions surrounding the scripture, this paper focuses on the importance of The Holy Qur’an as a work of literature in a global context, its significance from a historical perspective, its diversity of content and its relevance as a key transitory mechanism in transforming human civilisation from an oral to a written tradition.
|Keywords:||Qur’an, Islam, Muslim, Allah, Muhammad, Oral, Written, Arabic|
Lecturer, Faculty of Business, Saïd Business School, University of Oxford, Dubai, UK
No doubt that the Koran is the most holy and divine book for all Muslims and they have to believe in the divine books sent down by Allah to human beings through His chosen and appointed representatives named the prophets and messengers of Allah. The last and final prophet and messenger from Allah in Islamic theology is Muhammad bin Abdullah, and he is for all human beings from his days to the doomsday.The holy Koran was reveled to Muhammad in verbatim and therefore it is believed to have no single mistake or error in the Koran. Although there are human beings who have doubted about the authenticity of the Koran, all Muslims who read and understand the Koran especially the Koran (15: 9)have no doubt about its authenticity because the Koran (15: 9)guarantees the purity of its texts since Allah has promised to protect the Koran from any corruptions, inventions,accretions, deductions and additions by human beings. The Koran (2: 23-24) has challenged them to come up with a chapter similar or at par with the chapter in the Koran. Unfortunately, human beings are unable to take up this challenge according to the Koran. This work by Kasim Randeree from Oxford University is a new and relevant academic contribution in affirming the authenticity of the Koran from a historical perspective and its content diversity. It is surely useful for those who have doubted about the authenticity of the Koran and for all Muslims who have believed in its authenticity are useful because they have a new written academic work to prove the authenticity of their respected and beloved Koran.