Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Literacy Improvement in Pakistan

By Ashiq Hussain, Naseer Ahmad Salfi and Tariq Mahmood Khan.

Published by The International Journal of the Book

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study has been designed to evaluate the role of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) working for literacy improvement in Pakistan. For this purpose, data was collected from 350 respondents of different categories of stakeholders that include: decision makers from NGOs, programme managers, field monitors, community mobilizers, school teachers, children attending non formal NGO schools, and members from Parent Teacher Associations(PTAs), Village Education Committees (VECs), and Family Education Committees (FECs). Data was collected using a survey questionnaire followed by a semi-structured interview protocol. The main findings of the study revealed that majority of the NGOs were providing social services to the masses. They were supplying the books, stationary, scholarship and high motivation level to the participants. They were funded by the Government of Pakistan, Provincial Government, different donors’ agencies and different trusts and charity organizations. They also pointed out some problems and difficulties that were facing during literacy improvement efforts that include: non-cooperative behavior of rural landlord, bias against women literacy, non-cooperative behavior of local representatives and threats of local scholars, social hurdles and disinterested behavior of female community.

Keywords: Non-Governmental Organizations, Literacy Improvement, Government of Pakistan, Problems and Challenges

The International Journal of the Book, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp.129-142. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.148MB).

Dr. Ashiq Hussain

Executive District Officer Literacy, District Government of Nankana Sahib, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Dr. Ashiq Hussain has been serving as Executive District Officer Literacy in District Nankana Sahib. Recently, he is awarded the degree of PhD in Education. He has published five research papers in international and national reputed journals.

Naseer Ahmad Salfi

Ph.D Scholar, Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Naseer Ahmad Salfi has been persuing his Ph.D in Education from the University of Education Lahore-Pakistan. He has done his Msater of Education from University of the Punjab with distinction scoring 84% Marks. Presently, he is working as a headmaster in a secondary school. He has published four research papers in national and international reputed journals. His area of interest is Educational leadership and management.

Tariq Mahmood Khan

Assistant Professor, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Dr. Tariq Mehmood Khan is serving as Assistant Professor at Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore-Pakistan. He earned his PhD with specialization in Identification of Children with Specific Learning Difficulties in Mainstream Schools. He has got Master degrees in Applied Psychology and Education. He is teaching EducationalPsychology, Educational Assessment and Evaluation, Educational Research to master degree classes and Learning disability to PhD Classes.


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