This study has been designed to evaluate the role of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) working for literacy improvement in Pakistan. For this purpose, data was collected from 350 respondents of different categories of stakeholders that include: decision makers from NGOs, programme managers, field monitors, community mobilizers, school teachers, children attending non formal NGO schools, and members from Parent Teacher Associations(PTAs), Village Education Committees (VECs), and Family Education Committees (FECs). Data was collected using a survey questionnaire followed by a semi-structured interview protocol. The main findings of the study revealed that majority of the NGOs were providing social services to the masses. They were supplying the books, stationary, scholarship and high motivation level to the participants. They were funded by the Government of Pakistan, Provincial Government, different donors’ agencies and different trusts and charity organizations. They also pointed out some problems and difficulties that were facing during literacy improvement efforts that include: non-cooperative behavior of rural landlord, bias against women literacy, non-cooperative behavior of local representatives and threats of local scholars, social hurdles and disinterested behavior of female community.
|Keywords:||Non-Governmental Organizations, Literacy Improvement, Government of Pakistan, Problems and Challenges|
Executive District Officer Literacy, District Government of Nankana Sahib, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Ph.D Scholar, Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Assistant Professor, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
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