The Key Motivational Factors of Innovation and Creativity of Student Learning in Junior Colleges in Taiwan

By Jen-Chia Chang and Yu-Mei Yeh.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Innovation and creativity in student learning is not merely an important goal that educational services hope to pursue, but also a relevant and important issue in the educational policies of countries all over the world. However, relatively few studies examine the key motivational factors contributing to innovation and creativity in student learning. Therefore, this study focuses on innovation and creativity in degree programs at the junior colleges in Taiwan, and the key motivational factors of “innovation and creativity” in student learning. This study samples a total of 265 full-time teachers from six of the fourteen junior colleges in Taiwan using stratified cluster sampling from northern, central, southern, and eastern Taiwan. A questionnaire survey method was adopted to find the results of this study, and the valid questionnaire recovery rate was 60.09%. This study produces the following results: First, implementation of innovation and creativity in student learning has currently reached a medium/advanced level in junior colleges. Second, task autonomy and group cohesiveness are significantly and positively related to innovation and creativity in student learning. Organizational learning reached a medium level of significant positive relation to innovation and creativity in student learning. Third, results show that task autonomy and group cohesion are key motivational factors for innovation and creativity in student learning. They presented a significantly positive relation with innovation and creativity in student learning, with task autonomy being a greater motivator than group cohesion. Finally, this study proposes suggestions for promoting innovation and creativity in student learning in Taiwanese junior colleges.

Keywords: Student Learning, Innovation and Creativity, Task Autonomy, Organizational Learning, Group Cohesion

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp.189-208. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.427MB).

Prof. Jen-Chia Chang

Associate Professor, Institute of Vocational and Technological Education, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan

Jen-Chia Chang, Mr., gained a BEd in Industrial Education in 1991 from National Taiwan Normal University, an MA in Human Resource Management in 1994 and a PhD. in Industrial Education in 2000 from National Changhua University of Education. Currently, he is an associate professor in Institute of Vocational and Technological Education in National Taipei University of Technology and his teaching subjects likes as human resource management and organizational theory & design. Mr. Jen-Chia Chang has taught ten years at industrial vocational high school and six years at university of technology. Jen-Chia Chang is also a member of some professional organizations, he has authored more than 100 articles and papers, and his work had published in U.S., FINLAND, Taiwan, and other countries. His research has focused on innovation management of vocational and technological education and engineering education.

Yu-Mei Yeh

Doctoral Student, Institute of Vocational and Technological Education, National Taipei University of Technology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan

Yu-Mei Yeh, Mrs., gained a BEd in Social Work in 1996 from Fu-Jen University, an MA in Vocational and Technological Education (Master Major Area: Human Resource Management) in 2006 from National Taiwan University of Technology, and a doctoral student in Vocational and Technological Education in 2007 from National Taipei University of Technology. Currently, she is a part-time assistant in the office of Innovation and Creativity in Institute of Vocational and Technological Education in National Taipei University of Technology. Her master major area is Human Resource Management in doctoral studying stage, and her specialized Area likes as human resource management and organizational learning & innovation. Mrs. Yu-Mei Yeh has worked two years at Chinese Management Association, three years at Chinese Management and Science Research Foundation, and more than eight years at Legislative Yuan of Republic of China. Yu-Mei Yeh is also a member of some professional organizations, she has published more than 10 articles and papers. Her research has focused on innovation management of vocational and technological education, organizational learning, organizational citizenship behavior, job satisfaction, Program-Based Curriculum Development(PBCD), and HRM.

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